Bayamo is the capital of the province of Granma. In the last days of the XIX century, it had the historical privilege of becoming the capital of the Republic in Arms and in its historical centre one can see the birth house of the Cuban patriot and Father of the Homeland, Carlos Manuel de Céspedes, as well as the Anthem Plaza (Plaza del Himno) and the Cathedral, all places very much related to its history.
It was the second villa founded by Diego Velásquez in 1513, and today is a National Monument. It is mainly characterised by the impressive contrast between the mountains and the flatland, and is located in the southwest portion of the extreme eastern point of the island. Historically, its inhabitants have never given up their taste for riding in horse-drawn carriages, a custom that dates back to the colonial period. This tradition has inspired poets and musical composers.
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