Capital of the province of Villa Clara, its founding dates back to 1689. It is some 270 kilometres east of Havana. It is a typical city and many of its inhabitants live in brick houses with red clay roof tiles, in a quaint reminder of small Spanish villages.
Many identify it as the city of Che, due to the fact that in this city the Heroic Warrior fought at the head of his invading column for Cubaís freedom, one of the last struggles for independence in December of 1958.
Millions of people have visited the Memorial Ernesto Che Guevara, located at the doors of Santa Clara and raised in honour of Che and the rest of the warriors that fought by his side in Bolivia.
In this esplanade many political acts and graduations have been celebrated, among other activities. It was also the scene of a giant chess competition on April 29th of 2004, with the presence of over 13 000 players.
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