It originated as a province in 1975 with a surface area of 5 731 square kilometres and more than 700 000 inhabitants.
Among its main tourist attractions are the well-known Jaruco Stairs (Escaleras de Jaruco), located in the municipality of the same name, a unique landscape product of the same topography, where the existence of rocky outcroppings and caverns make it the ideal scenario for adventurous tourism.
Along the northern coastline and close to the Vía Blanca highway that leads into Matanzas, the traveller can access Santa Cruz del Norte, a settlement where the largest rum production plant in Latin America is located, in whose warehouses the world famous Havana Club is produced.
Nearby are several different camping grounds, among them are Jibacoa, Puerto Escondido and Peñón del Fraile, a tourist pole that attracts the attention of national and foreign visitors, due to its warm calm crystalline waters, with heights of up to 100 metres.
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