This is a fertile area that is eminently industrial and agricultural, well known for its red rust coloured earth. This town treasures a beautiful history, since in 1953 many young men accompanied Fidel Castro on the assault on the Moncada Garrison (Cuartel Moncada), in Santiago de Cuba. It is a good idea to visit the solemn mausoleum built in honour of the regionís sons, who gave their lives in the struggles for independence.
Also located in Artemisa are the ruins of the famous coffee plantation La Angerona, a National Monument due to its cultural and historic values.
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